Later, in the 1940s, polio patients were treated with exercise in warm pools, a method discovered by the Australian nurse Sister Kenney. Living in the 1940s. July 10–October 31: The Battle of Britain raged with Nazi bombings of military bases and London, known as the Blitz. Living in the 1940s. Britain's Royal Air Force was ultimately victorious in its defense of the U.K. July 27: Warner Brothers' signature cartoon rabbit Bugs Bunny debuts in "A Wild Hare," co-starring Elmer Fudd. Between 1942 and 1945, a total of 10 camps were opened, holding approximately 120,000 Japanese Americans in California, Arizona, Wyoming, Colorado, Utah, and Arkansas. While racism was still very present, the integration movement had made some progress in the wake of World War II. 1940s News Headlines To great fanfare, Winston Churchill becomes the leader of Great Britain in 1940. Trotsky assassinated in Mexico (Aug. 20). Virginia, along with the rest of the country, looked a lot different than it does today. May 14: After years of experimentation and investment, stockings made of nylon rather than silk hit the market because silk was needed for the war effort. Christmas Movies in the 1940s. The first half of the 1940s was absorbed with World War II. April 19: German troops and police entered the Warsaw Ghetto to deport its surviving inhabitants. 1940 • Penicillin was used to help cure diseases. July 1: Nuclear testing began in the Bikini Atoll, Marshall Islands, the first of 23 detonations by the United States between 1946 and 1958. Take a minute to review many of CDC’s momentous contributions to public health since it was organized in 1946 as the Communicable Disease Center. By far the biggest event for Americans in 1941 was the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on Dec. 7, 1941, a day that would indeed, as FDR said, live in infamy. World War II. Sometime in 1947, the first of the Dead Sea Scrolls, a collection of ancient Hebrew and Aramaic documents stored in caves on the northwestern shore of the Dead Sea, were discovered. There were several technological advances in recording and playback, however. People born in the early 1940s were already in their late 20’s when the hippie movement got into full swing, but some may have been beatniks, the predecessor to the late 60’s hippie. Trotsky assassinated in Mexico (Aug. 20). Their vaccine uses fertilized chicken eggs in a method that is still used to produce most flu vaccines today. The 1940s Government, Politics, and Law: Overview. It was one of the basic documents underlying the modern United Nations. • Morton Salt was introduced. August 15: Emperor Hirohito announces the surrender of Japan, formally signed on September 2. The first half of the 1940s was absorbed with World War II. May 19: Chinese leader Ho Chi Minh founded the Communist Viet Minh in Vietnam, an event that was to lead to yet another war for the U.S. years later. Well, it's easy as toast! Jennifer Rosenberg is a historian and writer who specializes in 20th-century history. July 11: Jewish refugees from France attempting to reach Palestine aboard the Exodus were forcibly turned back by the British. February 24: Juan Perón was elected president of Argentina. The United States emerged as a world leader during the 1940s. Farmers faced new challenges brought on by the war, students at Indiana University saw many of … Saving Lives, Protecting People, David J. Sencer CDC Museum: In Association with the Smithsonian Institution, NIOSH/OSHA Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards, The National Center for Health Statistics, Metropolitan Atlanta Congenital Defects Program, Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices, Gamma Globulin in the Prophylaxis of Poliomyelitis, The Epidemic Intelligence Service (EIS) is established, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, CLIMATE & HEALTH: A Decade of Preparing Communities, Hidden History – Stories from the Collection, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, Investigates health effects related to the Three-Mile Island nuclear incident, CDC assumes lead responsibility in the U.S. Public Health Service for environmental emergency response, Last recorded wild case of polio in the United States, CDC holds the first international conference on, An expanded maximum containment laboratory (hot lab) is opened to handle viruses that are too dangerous to handle in ordinary laboratories, First national health objectives for 1990 established by CDC, Receives the report of the last case of naturally-acquired variola minor, the milder strain of the variola virus that causes, CDC diagnoses two recruits at Fort Dix, New Jersey with, National Clearinghouse for Smoking and Health (precursor to the, Epidemiologists investigate a deadly outbreak of a respiratory disease among attendees at a Philadelphia, Pennsylvania convention, CDC sends disease detectives to investigate two large outbreaks of an unknown deadly hemorrhagic fever in Zaire and Sudan, a disease later known as Ebola, Environmental Services Division analyzes blood samples collected through NHANES to demonstrate that the level of lead in blood is related to exposure to gasoline. October 31: In South Dakota, Mount Rushmore, a sculpture of 60-foot-high faces of four U.S. presidents, was completed after 14 years under the direction of Gutzon Borglum. His vice president Harry S. Truman took office. April 12: Despite headlines saying "Dewey Defeats Truman," Harry Truman was elected president. People born in the early 1940s were already in their late 20’s when the hippie movement got into full swing, but some may have been beatniks, the predecessor to the late 60’s hippie. 1949. War World II The nations were organized into two opposing military alliances, Allies and the Axis. Make educational timelines or create a timeline for your company website. The 1940s saw an increase in activism and opportunities: the black press spoke out about unfair and unjust treatment, while nonprofit organizations and social groups worked to further social reforms. 7th January » Winter War: The Finnish 9th Division Battle of Raate Road named stops and completely destroys the overwhelming Soviet forces on the Raate-Suomussalmi road. What happened in 1940 Major News Stories include Germany and Italy gain control of most of Western Europe, Winston Churchill becomes Prime Minister and inspires British People With speaches including "We Shall Fight Them On The Beaches, Dunkirk evacuation of British Troops, Battle of Britain begins, Germany starts it's Blitz on London, Race Riots in Chicago, Harlem, Los Angeles and Detroit, Popular … In the anticommunist furor of post-World War II America, many crusaders targeted the media as a site of subversive infiltration. Timelineicon. Like other schools, Nebraska fields some rag-tag teams during the war years. Bob Hope was also a huge star in the 1940s, frequently entertaining the troops overseas. The war was a time of worry and heartache for people around the world, but life went on in spite of the senseless, tragic conflict that consumed the lives of so many loved ones, destroyed homes and livelihoods, and scattered families around the globe. October 24: The United Nations was founded in San Francisco, California, by representatives of 50 countries. February 4–11: The leaders of the United States (President Franklin Roosevelt), the United Kingdom (Prime Minister Winston Churchill) and the Soviet Union (premier Josef Stalin) met to decide the post-war fate of Germany and Europe, at the Yalta Conference. The 1940s tower over every other decade of the 20th century as the most full of sorrow, patriotism, and ultimately, hope and the beginning of a new era of American dominance on the world stage. The Tuberculosis laboratory is already in Atlanta at Lawson General Hospital, having moved there several years earlier, Opens new permanent headquarters buildings in Atlanta, Georgia. Like other schools, Nebraska fields some rag-tag teams during the war years. The war was a time of worry and heartache for people around the world, but life went on in spite of the senseless, tragic conflict that consumed the lives of so many loved ones, destroyed homes and livelihoods, and scattered families around the globe. April 4: The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was established, an intergovernmental military alliance among 29 North American and European countries. The first year of the 1940s was filled with war-related news. This decade left an indelible mark on all but the youngest of Americans that lasted for the rest of their lives. While officially sanctioned or not, as a rule, African-Americans did not enjoy the … Many cities built warm pools where children and adults with polio could find exercise. Introduction 1.1940s Fashion Trends … The trends, designers, dresses, shoes, hairstyles, makeup and stories from the WW2 era and post war Paris. 1940s. September 12: The entrance to Lascaux Cave, containing Stone Age paintings dated to 15,000–17,000 years old, was discovered by three French teenagers. President Franklin D. Roosevelt knew that World War II (1939–45) would bring an end to the British Empire and reduce British influence. It proved immensely popular, with several advantages over the fountain pen—a smooth ball bearing instead of a scratchy nib, and an instant-drying ink that only had to be refilled once every six months. April 12: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt died at his Warm Springs, Georgia estate. A fully illustrated history of 1940s fashion and style for women, from 1940 to 1949. This decision is being made out of an abundance of caution and based upon the guidance of the CDC regarding social distancing and the elimination of large gatherings. Important events of 1940, including the beginning of the London Blitz (pictured above) and the Battle of Britain. The trends, designers, dresses, shoes, hairstyles, makeup and stories from the WW2 era and post war Paris. 1944. Some inventions were brand new, while others were invented years earlier but were brought to use in the 1940s. • Synthetic tooth fillings were developed. The era was a time of great technological advancement that came from the tumultuous years of World War II. U.S. Timeline - The 1940s. June 14, 1940 - On the same day Paris fell to the German army and Auschwitz received its first Polish prisoners, the Naval Expansion Act is signed into law by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, increasing the capacity of the U.S. Navy by 11%. Timelineicon. The era was a time of great technological advancement that came from the tumultuous years of World War II. Most of us can name the big 1940s films that featured a Christmas theme (Holiday Inn, It's a Wonderful Life, and Miracle on 34th Street). August 14: The Atlantic Charter was signed, setting out goals for England and the U.S. after the close of World War II. Fluorescent antibody test is developed for rabies and field trials demonstrate 100 percent accuracy. Adolf Hitler's Nazi Germany invaded Poland in September 1939, and the war dominated Europe from that moment until the Nazis surrendered. September 29–30: In the Babi Yar Massacre, Nazis killed over 33,000 Jews from Kiev in a ravine in Ukraine; the killing would continue for months and involve at least 100,000 people. Practicing physicians who have hard-to-identify specimens submit through their health departments The Production Division is renamed the Audio-Visual Production Division, producing more than 50 health films for field training; CDC’s Reference Diagnostic Service Center becomes available to all public health laboratories. [27 Japanese troops occupied Wuhan. World War II ended in Europe and the Pacific in 1945, and those two events dominated this year. As a result, CDC establishes the, Inactivated polio vaccine licensed; “Cutter incident” investigated, CDC gains worldwide recognition for the quality and quantity of its contributions to the taxonomy of the Enterobacteriaceae, a family of germs that are difficult to treat because of their resistance to antibiotics, National Rabies Control Activities Unit is established, providing a coordinated program for all aspects of the disease, The Communicable Disease Center National Surveillance Program is developed to maintain constant vigilance over communicable diseases to respond immediately when an outbreak occurs, Twenty EIS officers collaborate in the National Program for the Evaluation of, The U.S. Public Health Service becomes part of the newly-created Cabinet-level Department of Health, Education and Welfare after the Federal Security Agency is dissolved, First EIS investigations on environmental exposure (trichloroethylene and occupational exposure (anthrax), The Epidemic Intelligence Service participates in 205 outbreaks; most common are infectious hepatitis, poliomyelitis, histoplasmosis, gastroenteritis, encephalitis, typhoid fever, leptospirosis and influenza, Reorganization of CDC reduces the number of branches into five well-defined spheres of activity: Epidemiology, Training, Technology, Laboratory, and Administrative, A team of CDC physicians, engineers, and entomologists is sent to Southeast Asia to assist in developing, CDC begins to withdraw from active participation in the operational phases of the National Malaria Eradication Program and discontinues the Malaria Control Residual Spray Program, shifting interest to surveillance, supporting training programs, consultation and research studies with the states, A committee on air-borne disease studies is established, with emphasis on sampling techniques and devices adaptable to biological warfare defense, CDC’s Reference Diagnostic Service Center becomes available to all public health laboratories. It was the most widespread war in history, with more than 100 million military personnel mobilised. July 8: French resistance leader Jean Pierre Moulin is said to have died on a train near Metz and headed to Germany after being tortured by the Nazis. February 13–15: British and American forces launched an aerial bombing attack on the city of Dresden, effectively destroying over 12,000 buildings in the city's old town and inner eastern suburbs. The first year of the 1940s was filled with war-related news. Benjamin O. Davis, Sr. is appointed as a General in the United States Army, becoming the first African-American to hold such a position. Source: The Canadian Encyclopedia Online May 1940Nanaimo's Civic Arena officially opened 1940Canadian-American biochemist Martin Kamen discovered carbon-14, an isotope of carbon later used to date archaeological This decade, commonly called "the war years," is synonymous with World War II. 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