See How Much Hay to Feed Your Horse During Winter. If using good quality alfalfa hay, reduce the amount of Purina feed recommended by 1/2 to 1 lb/day. Most horses or ponies will do well and maintain their weight on a … Higher fat feeds are available at 4.5% to 6% fat to as high as 8% to 10%. However, bales vary greatly by weight. which offers comprehensive charts on exactly what your horse needs. The average thousand-pound horse who relies on hay for all their forage typically eats fifteen to twenty pounds of hay per day. Your hay analysis should show the DM content of your forage. There's also little to no dust with the cubes, which is a big plus with my horses. Its always best to purchase some extra hay since horses may require additional hay during the cold winter months (depending on their access to shelter). If your horse weighs 500kg he needs around 10kg of food every day made up of at least 70% forage. The first factor which will require you to feed *extra* hay (i.e. But what’s actually underneath? Especially in winter, I recommend using a hay bag or slow-feeder grazing type system. This would equal 107 fifty-pound small square‐bales or six 900 pound round‐bales during this time. Horses have evolved as trickle-feeders and feeding insufficient forage can result in problems such as stereotypic behaviours, gastric ulcers and/ or colic. You will get 5 days worth of hay from one bale. The primary energy or calorie source for horses is hay or pasture (i.e. Have you ever heard this saying? There are quite a few different types of hay that people feed to horses, but hay generally falls into one of two categories – legumes and grasses. Think of this as the amount of energy (via hay), needed to stay at “maintenance level,”. Hay may not seem like a big deal, but it’s one of the biggest ways you can contribute to the health of your horse year-round, support overall wellness, and keep them at an optimal weight. According to Carrie Hammer from North Dakota State University, Horses waste hay. Feed them more grain or a good quality horse feed and better quality hay to get them through winter and maintain their weight. If 1 bale of hay weighs 60 lbs, how many days worth of hay will you get from one bale for one horse? They are trail horses who are not ridden during the winter. This is especially true when it comes to decoding nutritional needs for my specific horses. Phalaris (winter) 12. Can you provide some guidelines? OK, great. Always remember to take into consideration the quality of your hay. It is recommended that horses receive a minimum of 1.5% of their body weight in dry forage per day. After observing the horse for a period of time, the amount fed may be increased or decreased by 10% to obtain the desired body condition and weight. With little or no nutrition left in the grass, horses living out full-time will need their grazing supplemented with hay. Early spring, winter, and fall may slow grass growth and make the grass less than optimum for your horse. She, like many of us, caught the “horse-crazy” bug early in life and never looked back. Well, horses (especially ponies) can grow an amazing fluffy winter coat. Multiplying this daily intake times the number of days in the feeding period, we get 4404# (2.2 tons) of hay needed for this one animal. Want to learn more about hay? ), “I’m not fat…I’m fluffy!” Have you ever heard this saying? Feeding Hay to a Horse: The most natural feeding position for a horse is from the ground. A fluffy horse might be skinny and unhealthy underneath. Remember, digestion is what helps produce body heat to stay cozy and healthy! Related: Hay stocks are short, causing concern for fall-winter feed supplies As we crunch the numbers and double-check our feed resources to make sure we have enough hay to feed our cows through the winter, there are a few important factors to think about. Forage is an essential part of all horses and pony diets. Clearly, weighing hay … 5 horses need supplemental feed year round in addition to full-time forage/hay to thrive and 2 need extra feed only in winter. 5. If you are feeding 100% hay and your hay contains 90% DM (or 10% moisture), your 1000 lb horse should be fed 20 lb of hay (18 lb DM/0.9) straight from the bale each day. Answers: 1. Answer: 60 ÷ 12 = 5. If you are anything like me, few things cause me as much stress and uncertainty as trying to keep my horse happy and healthy year-round. Here in Indiana, we typically need to feed hay from October through March. Always remember to take into consideration the quality of your hay. Q: How many bales of hay does a horse eat per month? How you feed out the hay can make a big difference in how much hay you need to buy. The easiest way to feed hay is with a hay net or hayrack. Your horse may need more or less feed depending on whether he's an 'easy keeper' or a ' hard keeper'. Horses require routine “vet care” every year, including vaccinations, an annual checkup, regular deworming, and typically a fecal egg count. Feeding good-quality hay in sufficient amounts is one of the best ways to help horses keep warm. (Using example calculations at end of this page). This is especially true when it comes to decoding nutritional needs for, In my early years of horse ownership, I did a LOT of research on. 2. Routine Vet Care. Ensure that at least 70% of the feed is roughage (hay, pasture or chaff). Clearly, weighing hay is the most effective way to measure the correct amount. Following are some feeding tips to consider as the weather starts to get colder:If your horse is typically a “hard keeper” anyway, consider switching to a feed that has a higher fat guarantee. National Research Council. How much hay does a horse need in the winter? Hammer also explains, “A 10- to 15-mph wind will require horses to consume an additional 4 to 8 pounds of hay to meet their increased energy requirements.”. That simply means that if a horse is eating and digesting hay, he is producing heat to warm his body from the inside out. Following are some feeding tips to consider as the weather starts to get colder:If your horse is typically a “hard keeper” anyway, consider switching to a feed that has a higher fat guarantee. Horses should consume about 2% of their bodyweight per day according to their condition and workload. In general, feeding an additional one-quarter pound of grain per 100 pounds of body weight daily to non-working horses can provide adequate calories during cold, windy and wet weather. Many top nutritionist recommend that horses in light or medium work would only need the addition of a feed balancer and that when high quality forage is fed to a horse it could reduce a winter feed … That’s 30 lbs of hay per day for a 1000 lb horse. Common practices of adding extra corn, vegetable oil, grain, or hay to increase a horse’s caloric intake, however, can cause different concerns. Most animals won't eat much of the hay that falls to the ground in their winter confinement areas or even out in the pasture and will turn it into bedding instead. Body fat, along with muscle mass, indicates, giving you a clearer picture of how healthy your horse is. I might buy a bale of hay for $18 that weighs 125 pounds. From October 15 to May 15 the horse would consume about 4,280 pounds of hay or 2.1 tons. If you are anything like me, few things cause me as much stress and uncertainty as trying to keep my horse happy and healthy year-round. A horse should consume at least 1.5 to 1.75 percent of its body weight as hay during cold periods. Annual pasture (summer) 5. Nutrient Requirements of Horses, 6th ed. 100. According to Carrie Hammer from North Dakota State University, “For each 10-degree change below 32 degrees F, horses require additional intake of approximately 2 pounds of feed per day.”. In general, a high-quality Timothy, Orchard or Grass hay is calorie-dense and provides adequate nutrients to keep your horse healthy. Northern areas are much more dependent upon hay to keep animals in good condition through the winter months. It’s recommended that you add *an additional* 2 pounds of hay for every 10 degrees F drop in temperature below 32 degrees. Well, horses (especially ponies) can grow an amazing fluffy winter coat. This occurs at no extra cost to you. For two horses, this amount would be doubled; 172 smallsquare bales or 10 roundbales. Winter pastures should not be relied upon to provide the sole source of nutrients for horses since they are usually poor feed sources for overwintered horses. Additional rough winter conditions, such as wind, rain, snow, or ice needs to be factored *in addition to* the increase due to outside temperatures. Personally, I believe that you can't really overfeed hay. The first thing you need to do is find out how much your horse weighs using either a weigh tape or weigh bridge. With that in mind, start by feeding 1.5-2.5% of the horse’s total body weight per day in hay alone. of dry hay per day, the horse would be expected to consume approximately 7.5 gallons of water per day. High-quality hay can provide most of the nutrients needed for a mature horse. So for example, that means a 1,000-pound horse who eats 18 pounds of hay for a maintenance level, would need 20 pounds if the temperature is 30 degrees. Match horse energy needs to energy supplied by type of feed. If you were already feeding 20 pounds of hay to your 1000 pound horse (20 pounds = 2% of body weight) and the energy content of most legume and grass hays averages around 1 Mcal/pound, then you will need to add another 3 pounds of hay to your horse’s diet each day under these conditions. If you are feed a grass hay or alfalfa hay, make sure your calcium and phosphorus levels are also balanced accordingly in your feed. The best way to know the exact nutritional makeup of your hay, however, is to have it tested. Cost of Owning a Horse: November 2020 Expense Report, Letter to My Rookie Self: Abriana Johnson, Horse care 101: Turnout blankets vs. stable blankets. Academies Press, 2007. https://www.nap.edu/read/11653/chapter/1. Check out our blog about Horse Hay FAQs: List of Types of Hay, What Hay is Best, etc. Water consumption is imperative during winter months. Alfalfa hay, sometimes called lucerne hay, is the most popular legume hay fed to horses in the U.S., while timothy and orchard are popular grass hay … I still get a lot of questions on How much do I feed my horse. Because I’ve always boarded my horses, I’m not sure how to estimate how much hay I will need for the winter. If your horse is losing weight, you need to increase the energy content of the horse's diet. Provide as much turn out as possible. Feeding a legume/grass mix can be the best of both worlds. See How Much Hay to Feed Your Horse During Winter. P.S. If your horse or pony is kept stabled for some of the time, consider how much hay or haylage you are feeding. Horses have evolved as trickle-feeders and feeding insufficient forage can result in problems such as stereotypic behaviours, gastric ulcers and/ or colic. Read our Horse Hay FAQs. How much grain you feed your two horses in the winter depends largely on their individual metabolisms. Every horse is different and depending upon their activity and age all depends on how much they should eat. You can also look up the nutritional content of all horse feeds (forage and grains). The roughage in horse hay requires a good bit of chewing. When a horse without shelter becomes wet and encounters wind, it must consume an additional 10 to 14 pounds of hay. A horse can eat anywhere from 15-25 pounds of hay a day, which generally equates to a half of a 45/50-pound square bale of hay per day (~15-30 bales per month). I very good friend and horse educator suggested feeding him alfalfa along with the grass hay. When feeding small squaresbales, hay waste when a feeder was not used (hay fed on the ground) was approximately 13% compared to only 1 to 5% when a feeder was used. forage and fiber sources). After many winters with horses, I’ve come to understand the negative impact of letting a horse go too long between meals. Connect with Erica and Hoofbeat Collective on Instagram, her blog, or access her free download of 10 Exercises to Easily Strengthen the Bond With Your Horse. They are trail horses who are not ridden during the winter. Can I get a “yay” for headbands, fuzzy socks, and pumpkin spice lattes? I feed pretty much free choice hay in the winter. Q: Do horses need more hay when it’s cold? It’s a well-established fact that a horse who is kept in a stall … If the same horse was receiving 5 pounds of grain each day, their hay needs would be reduced to 20 pounds each day. The Importance of Hay and Fat. How much hay or haylage should you feed? In the dead of winter when it's cold and wet, they'll go through a round bale in 7 days which comes out to about 35 lbs/horse/day (about 3.5% of their weight). I care for 13 seniors, the oldest being 35. Horse Hay FAQs: List of Types of Hay, What Hay is Best, etc. A good rule of thumb is to feed your horse the amount of hay she can clean up in about 1½ - 2 hours. During the winter, if pasture grass is limited, you need to supplement a whole lot more calories in the form of hay. Horses require routine “vet care” every year, including vaccinations, an annual checkup, regular deworming, and typically a fecal egg count. Answer: An adult horse at maintenance will consume between 2 – 2.5% of their bodyweight in feed (hay and grain) each day. It’s a frustrating fact, but they, It’s done by feeling 6 key areas along the body. In the cold winter months, I ALWAYS feed hay at least 3 times a day. In many parts of the country the quality of past A horse’s dietary needs change with the colder weather. They are trail horses who are not ridden during the winter. 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