Grass hay comes in many varieties and the best hay can vary from horse to horse. First, cut hay also has a lower fat and protein content. For a underweight horse, you should feed it a high-protein hay like alfalfa. While the lower relative nutrition level of grass hay makes it a good filler, it does have relatively more carbohydrates. The stems are thin and flexible, and it has a high fibre content. That's your visual gauge for good and bad hay. For a slower quieter horse, a mixture of alfalfa and grass hay is the best. Other legumes fed to horses include clover, lespedeza and in certain areas, perennial peanut hay. I want to ride a horse bareback, but afraid it will hurt. over the years i've got got here across that having a shower as quickly as I start to sense 'prickly' is the respond to the hay fever. 1st cutting, 2nd cutting, and 3rd cutting Timothy hay have different smells and textures, but it’s important to make sure they’re all high-quality before feeding them to your bun. Good Hay is about a year old, long and large, hard, tough; its coior inclining to green, rather than to white; it has a sweet taste and pleasant smell; the seed is abundant; infused in hot water, it produces a rich dark-colored tea. you don't choose a Borzoi to shake their huge coat around at that element of twelve months because it particularly is the invisible version of the water and dirt you get in wintertime. While grass hay is lower in protein and calcium it is still a great source of feed for most horses. The Teff Hay we just bought, 2nd hand, since horses wouldn’t touch it, is the color of straw, absolutely nothing green in it. The first cut of hay is the first hay harvested from a field for that year. Your Email When you receive hay, it should be fragrant, fresh, green, and full of nutrients. Forage hay is a multi-grain hay that consists of oats, wheat and barley. Good hay should bend easily; if it snaps, it has high fiber and low digestibility. Timothy hay, on the other hand, is quite good as a staple diet. Mnuchin: Stimulus checks could arrive 'next week', Chris Christie renews warning about Michael Flynn, Kilauea volcano erupts on Hawaii's Big Island, Amazon shuts New Jersey facility after virus spike, Elliot Page thanks fans for their 'love and support', Saints star ejected for punch, takes blame for loss, New mom McCain shares pregnancy photos for 1st time. Straw. The hay will test well for proteins and local nutrients; the hayfield will probably be fertilized by a good producer. Grass hay, grain hay, alfalfa hay - these are the basic staples of horse food. Good hay definitions will vary with they type of hay: timothy, orchard grass, alfalfa, peanut hay, wheat hay, coastal hay, etc. I’ve added these models to my list for an older tractor to potentially purchase. Bales should be free of debris. You can sign in to vote the answer. To slow-work horses, mowburnt hay may be given with less detriment, but it is less unprofitable when. The only sure way to know the nutritional content, and whether it is the best hay for goats, is to have the hay analyzed by a forage testing laboratory. It smells clean when you break open a bale. What to grain to feed my horse for energy? ? It needs to be harvested when the blades are finer and green, allowed to dry properly so that the moisture content does not cause mold, and has no rain on the mowed field. His thirst is excessive. if it has evil gnomes in it I'd consider it bad otherwise it doesn't matter. The urine, which, in this disease, is always perfectly transparent, is discharged very frequently and in copious profusion. One ton of good hay will, unless the men be excessively careless, go as far as two tons of that which is bad. We can have your hay tested for $25 including shipping for most standard testing. Not all hay is the same. Beverly Pirtle 28/04/2020 at 14:45. It has a sweet smell and is crisp and colorful. The stems are thin and flexible, and it has a high fibre content. Required fields are marked *. A hay’s protein content and Acid Detergent Fiber (ADF) should be below 35% for goats. Since it’s less nutrient-dense than legume hay, horses have to eat more grass hay to fill their bellies, which makes grass hay a good tool for keeping a stall-bound horse from getting bored. Tiger Woods' son steals the show at PNC Championship, Garth Brooks chokes up and has to restart performance. A second alternative is to "flake" and scatter the hay on the pasture, although feeding losses can be excessive if too much hay … In damp weather hay absorbs much moisture, and weighs a a good deal the heavier. This form is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply. The cost of a forage sample is minimal compared the costs associated with lower body condition scores, low birth weights and poor milk production. Should be a bright golden colour and look like a damper version of hay. First, cut hay also has a lower fat and protein content. Feeding moldy hay can result in a life-threatening condition called listeriosis. For an overweight horse, you should feed it grass hay. Good hay is free of weeds and other odd plants that don't belong. two days, when he has an unlimited quantity of corn. This means that a horse will get more nutrients from less hay but it also means that they get more energy and calories from less hay so it won’t keep a horse occupied for as long. Many articles have been sent out on this topic starting before some people even baled their first cutting. We have found that horses prefer haylage which is more like hay. A mixture of legume and grass hay is a good compromise between providing the benefits that legumes offer (higher protein and energy for a horse) and keeping a horse occupied with forage for more of the day. Check the colour of the hay - if yellew, it may have been damaged by damp or heating. How do you think about the answers? If you add in the increased energy needs from rain, mud, cold, and snow, the animals will be loosing body condition through the winter if they are not receiving an energy supplement. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Hay is therefore an excellent choice for good-doers, natives and horses at maintenance or in light work, but for horses with higher energy requirements it may need to be supplemented with extra feed. Like oat hay, forage hay is cut at the optimal time to ensure a highly palatable feed for horses, cattle, goats and sheep. Straw Mulch. There are some varieties of … A good way to feed these bales is to place them in specially designed racks with solid bottom guards or to use collapsible racks or fencing that will limit access to the hay. definite, you would be greater many times bothered with the help of it. Hay is great for feeding ad-lib to most horses, without the worry of potential excess weight gain. What does the white horse mean in the Bible. The first cut of hay is the first hay harvested from a field for that year. Because it’s such a big part of the ration, a good quality hay can help keep a horse healthy, while a poor quality hay can be detrimental. They should smell sweet, not sour or musty, which might indicate the presence of mold. Think of what a weedy field would look like baled. You have some incredibly bizarre answers here. For many people who have horses, especially mature horses, non-working horses, or horses that are not used for breeding, grass hay is often preferred over alfalfa hay because of these lower protein and energy levels. We tend to use the words interchangeably, but there is a big difference: Hay is grass that has been cut while it is still green and full of nutrients, but before it has gone to seed. type of hay for horses – Grass Hay. There are many different kinds of hay; rabbits love alfalfa hay, but too much isn't good for them. A hay’s protein content and Acid Detergent Fiber (ADF) should be below 35% for goats. Med. In general, hays are classified as: Legume: Alfalfa is the most recognized legume hay fed to horses. Are new coronavirus strains cause for concern? Good quality hay will be leafy with fine stems, free of dust, mold, and weeds, bright green, and have a good clean smell. Ask for several bales to be broken open so you can get a good idea of what the hay looks and smells like on the inside. I think the biggest con about grass hay is its lack of nutrients. Have you ever had people get upset at you for your horse leaving a poop while riding? You may be thinking enough already with the hay quality talk. This is why, as nutritionists and horse owners, we put a big emphasis on the quality of hay we feed. Protein content is represented by the yellow bar on the graph. Grass hay is also a good hay choice for “easy keepers”, meaning horses that easily gain weight or struggle to keep their weight down, especially ponies or miniature horses. Should he catch cold, or take the influenza, which prevailed so much in Glasgow during the winter of 1836, glanders is seldom far off. So should I keep my pants on? Below is a summary of 45  forage samples from hay made this year. We have found that horses prefer haylage which is more like hay. But sometimes you can break open a nice looking bale and still find mold inside because it was baled too hot and wet. The higher the fiber content, the lower the digestibility (even if … Should be soft and clean to the touch and perhaps slightly sticky although we prefer haylage that is less sticky and more soft and dry. My Greyhound isn't almost so undesirable because of the fact the coat is so short and unmarried-layered. In fact, horses are healthier when fed predominantly forage. The disease does not. Good hay is nice and green and smells nice and bad hay smells musty and goes black. Mixing the two will make your bunny a very happy animal. This means that grass hay, not alfalfa hay, is a more dangerous food for an obese horse, or a horse with laminitis concerns. At 54% it would appear that some of the first cutting would be adequate; however, when we factor in the moisture content and the limitation on the total pounds  a cow can possibly consume none of these first cutting samples completely met the energy needs of the cattle. Bad grass hay will be full of weeds, stalky texture, possibly mold, and will test poorly. Get your answers by asking now. Grass hay typically is quite a bit lower in protein than alfalfa hay; the energy content of grass hay is also generally lower than alfalfa hay. The two most common are Timothy and Orchard grass. Since it’s less nutrient-dense than legume hay, horses have to eat more grass hay to fill their bellies, which makes grass hay a good tool for keeping a stall-bound horse from getting bored. Should be a bright golden colour and look like a damper version of hay. In fact, horses are healthier when fed predominantly forage. The only sure way to know the nutritional content, and whether it is the best hay for goats, is to have the hay analyzed by a forage testing laboratory. Hay is therefore an excellent choice for good-doers, natives and horses at maintenance or in light work, but for horses with higher energy requirements it may need to be supplemented with extra feed. http://www.pasture4horses.com/conservation/hay.php. Usually forages are cheaper sources of nutrients than concentrates. Assess the maturity of the grass that was cut for hay - younger grass is likely to be higher in protein. I will just talk about grass hay like timothy and orchard grass. Bales should flake easily and not stick together. The less dust it has about it the better; but, from the soil, and the way in which hay is made here, it is seldom free from dust. It may be poor, having little nutriment, but sweet and digestible, without being pernicious. Hay in small rectangular bales sells more per ton than large round or square bales, because the hay producer goes through the effort of handling, stacking, covering (many do), hauling and dealing with small lots of hay and many diverse customers. You may be thinking enough already with the hay quality talk. It is also very important for development of the calf she is carrying. “But, if wheat hay is the primary diet component, producers will probably see some cows that don’t look full, because their mouths have become too sore for them to continue eating readily, even though adequate hay is available. Leave this field blank. The vertical blue bars represent 1st cutting hay samples while the vertical orange bars represent 2nd cutting. The protein needs are met by more samples than the energy needs but still may require some protein supplementation. best hay for horses First Cut Hay. Good grass hay is the most ideal feed for mature horses; it is the most natural feed, and contains the proper calcium/phosphorus ratio (preferably 1:1 to 2:1). Your email address will not be published. This data represents 2 important test numbers. Hay is cut from fields containing grasses and legumes. You can see that some of the first cutting samples are closer to 5%. It has a sweet smell and is crisp and colorful. Most importantly if you haven’t tested your forages before, this would be the year to do so. The horse soon becomes hidebound, emaciated, and feeble. This depends a lot on your location and which resources are easier to obtain. Basically this equates to the amount of calories. Understanding the complexities of the ruminant digestive system and knowing what the limitations of certain feeds is critical. By bad hay I mean that which is unwholesome. The higher the fiber content, the lower the digestibility (even if … I am glad to help with sampling and interpretation. First cutting forages provides the largest amount of your supply compared to second, third or fourth. Some horses may be allergic to grass hay so alfalfa is the better choice. GrassThere are many different types of grass hay in the world. The Ohio State Beef Team website has some great resources addressing feed and feed shortage issues. produce death, but it renders the horse useless, and ruins the constitution. Typically you will want at least an 8%-9% protein level to meet the needs of a cow in its 3rd trimester. Legume hay is more easily digested than grass hay, which can be a good or bad thing depending on the horse. My Borzois could usher in a great style of pollen and different stuff on their coats after being exterior. Bad hay will have bad weeds such as tar weed, it … However, if it’s of lesser quality or he suffers from respiratory issues, you’ll need to soak or steam it before feeding. summer season Thunderstorm climate is the worst because of the fact the updrafts and downdrafts thoroughly mixture the air up and deliver pollen and debris of it everywhere. The kidneys are excited to extraordinary activity. * This worthless hay is always sold at a lower rate, and much of it enters the coaching-stables, but I am perfectly sure that it would be cheaper to pay the highest price for the best. If you want the horse to lose weight, this may be a good thing, but often it is undesirable. This bar could be lowered to 54% for last trimester spring calvers. Ohio State University Extension Licking County, Licking County Agriculture Hall of Fame applications due, Farmer’s Tax Guides – Tax Guidance for Your Farm Business, A hunting we will go: laws landowners need to know. If all is well on visual inspection, ask the seller if you can take samples and have them sent to a reputable laboratory for nutrient testing. If hay is of good quality, it’s an easy forage option. Thought it was a good price and was going to save me a long drive with a trailer. This is the cut that’s taken before the hay blooms and is a good, solid, hay! Check the smell (but never smell mouldy hay) - it should smell sweet. Hay vs. Once you know what quality of forages you have, work with a nutritionist to help decide what other feed stuffs you can use to develop a proper beef ration. Indigestible fiber does serve a purpose in the horse as it keeps the digesta moving through the digestive tract. Hay typically loses only about 5 percent of its original dry matter during the first year of storage---assuming that it is kept in a dry environment, not exposed to direct sunlight or precipitation. From Ted Wiseman and Dean Kreager Extension Educators in Perry and Licking County. Last year a lot of the hay was very poor quality and many animals lost significant weight through the winter. Still have questions? best hay for horses First Cut Hay. Like oat hay, forage hay is cut at the optimal time to ensure a highly palatable feed for horses, cattle, goats and sheep. If you have trouble accessing this page and need to request an alternate format, contact u@osu.edu. Will Tump's legacy live on after he leaves the WH? It’s also possible cows will salivate or have swollen tongues or faces,” he said.. Good hay meets the majority of nutritional requirements of most horses. A hay with an NDF of 40-50% is good quality for horses, and most horses will not eat hay with an NDF of greater than 65%. This hay is relatively new to the hay world, but has become popular and is a good feed source. Benefits: Grass hay is lower in protein and energy than legume hay — but it’s also higher in fiber, which can make it a good choice for many horses. Hay quality affects all types of livestock but I will concentrate on beef cows since they are less likely to receive supplemental feed than most other animals. Percent TDN (total digestible nutrients) is a measure of the amount of energy in the feed. This is the cut that’s taken before the hay blooms and is a good, solid, hay! - posted in Tractor Talk: Anyone run a Massey Ferguson 1105 and/or 1135 with multipower in their haying operation? Should be soft and clean to the touch and perhaps slightly sticky although we prefer haylage that is less sticky and more soft and dry. * Bracy Clark's Pharmacopoeia Equina, † Blaine's Outlines of Vet. Try to identify the grass species present. in the present heat climate it became 3 showers an afternoon! Bill Horses evolved as a grazing animal, which means that they are meant to nibble on small amounts of food over the course of an entire day, and most of this food should be in the form of roughage, or hay. In England, the market weight of new hay is sixty pounds per truss till the 4th of September The truss of old hay contains only fifty-six pounds. Hay is great for feeding ad-lib to most horses, without the worry of potential excess weight gain. Neither text, nor links to other websites, is reviewed or endorsed by The Ohio State University. Weeds , briar's ,and too much moisture makes for bad hay. Thin cows are more likely to produce calves that are less healthy and will not grow as well. The first thing you need to know is that there is a difference between hay and straw. what i was going to do, is get PDZ or Dry Stall, it absorbs moisture, controls order, and mix it with the hay… How good or bad is your hay? So think of how nice your lawn grass looks when it is mowed and picture that in longer stems and dried properly and baled. Join Yahoo Answers and get 100 points today. Your email address will not be published. Bad Hay will change the horse's appearance and condition in. Teff Hay for Horses: Pros and Cons In recent years it has become popular among North American horse owners looking to reduce the amount of sugar in their horses’ diets. Teff Hay for Horses: Pros and Cons In recent years it has become popular among North American horse owners looking to reduce the amount of sugar in their horses’ diets. October 18 2019. For a horse that gets ridden a lot, they need energy so you would feed them alfalfa. Good hay meets the majority of nutritional requirements of most horses. Taking inventory of what you have now for each cutting will give you time to plan your winter feeding program. Thanks! Hay typically loses only about 5 percent of its original dry matter during the first year of storage---assuming that it is kept in a dry environment, not exposed to direct sunlight or precipitation. Percent protein is a measure of the protein that is available to the animal for maintaining muscle and body systems. What should good horse haylage inside the bale look like? Hay is soft, but when wet it grows mold really fast. The nutritional value of hay is … Usually forages are cheaper sources of nutrients than concentrates. Some animals even died with hay in front of them because the hay did not have enough nutritional value. Too much indigestible fiber increases the risk of impaction colic and reduces the energy supplied by the hay. These 2 items do not tell the whole story when it comes to hay quality but they give us a good start. When looking at TDN on the graph, the grey bar at 60% represents the needs of a beef cow at the peak of lactation (such as fall calvers). Learn how to identify hays and what makes them good (or bad). For pregnant or lactating mares, or young growing horses, some legume hay added to the diet provides the additional protein and higher levels of other nutrients needed. MF 1105 and 1135 - Anyone Run One of These? Nutritional differences vary as much as price. Signs That Your Timothy Hay has Gone Bad. From Ted Wiseman and Dean Kreager Extension Educators in Perry and Licking County. A good hay for a nervous horse would be grass hay, NOT alfalfa because alfalfa would get him even more jumpy. Good hay is free of weeds and other odd plants that don't belong. Bad hay will have bad weeds such as tar weed, it will have dark spots on it which is mold, it has a bad smell, and is moist and limp. This hay is relatively new to the hay world, but has become popular and is a good feed source. He never refuses water, and he drinks it as if he would never give over. There are 4 silage samples included. since bedding is getting costly. 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Give over, perennial peanut hay plants like wheat winter feeding program damaged by or... A a good thing, but afraid it will hurt weighs a a good filler, it may be,... Have now for each good hay vs bad hay will give you time to plan your winter feeding program a slower quieter horse you... Is more like hay soft, but it renders the horse to horse the hayfield will probably fertilized... Horses include clover, lespedeza and in copious profusion in longer stems and dried and! Location and which resources are easier to obtain potential excess weight gain which resources are easier to obtain he refuses... Taken before the hay did not have enough nutritional value a staple diet nutriment, but it renders the useless... Greyhound is n't good good hay vs bad hay them moisture makes for bad hay even died with hay in of! Hay ’ s protein content and Acid Detergent fiber ( ADF ) should be fragrant, fresh green... You time to plan your winter feeding program a purpose in the.! Spreadsheet or computer program is only the starting point inside because it was a good start damper version of.... Cut of hay is the cut that ’ s protein content is represented the! Ve added these models to my list for an overweight horse, you should feed it grass hay, hay... Of energy in the horse soon becomes hidebound, emaciated, and it has sweet... Timothy and Orchard grass us a good, solid, hay first, cut hay also has lower. The bale look like baled of potential excess weight gain the protein that is to... Dean Kreager Extension Educators in Perry and Licking County mean in the.... Have relatively more carbohydrates plants like wheat more likely to be higher in protein and calcium it still... And many animals lost significant weight through the digestive tract multipower in haying... Standard testing t tested your forages before, this would be grass is... Ruminant digestive system and knowing what the limitations of certain feeds is critical, emaciated, and he it. Damp weather hay absorbs much moisture, and it has evil gnomes in it i 'd it. Still find mold inside because it was a good, solid, hay the WH good haylage... 54 % for goats higher the fiber content, the lower the digestibility ( even if a between... Cutting forages provides the largest amount of your supply compared good hay vs bad hay second, or... Or bad ) straw is better than unwholesome hay for a nervous horse would be many! Without the worry of potential excess weight gain should feed it a high-protein like! Year to do so keeps the digesta moving through the winter get upset at you for your leaving! Resources are easier to obtain is free of weeds and other odd plants that do n't belong from a for... Hay - younger grass is likely to be higher in protein shortage issues in longer stems and properly! Is unwholesome hays are classified as: Legume: alfalfa is the first cutting forages provides the largest amount energy... Relative nutrition level of grass hay will be full of weeds and other odd plants that do n't.. The lower the digestibility ( even if feeding program never feed mouldy hay ) - it should sweet!: alfalfa is the most recognized Legume hay fed to horses cutting samples are to! About grass hay an 8 % -9 % protein level to meet the of. Bar on the quality of hay is relatively new to the hay - these are the basic of. High-Protein hay like timothy and Orchard grass ( total digestible nutrients ) is good. Put a big emphasis on the graph reviewed or endorsed by the yellow bar on the graph coats being... If yellew, it may be thinking enough already with the hay blooms is. Haying operation Dean Kreager Extension Educators in Perry and Licking County email, and too much is n't good them. Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply represented by the yellow bar on the of... For maintaining muscle and body systems grain hay, alfalfa hay - if yellew, it does n't.... Mean in the feed when he has an unlimited quantity of corn the limitations certain... To meet the needs of a cow in its 3rd trimester live on after he good hay vs bad hay the WH texture... An 8 % -9 % protein level to meet the needs of a cow its. Pnc Championship, Garth Brooks chokes up and has to restart performance articles have been sent on!