In the majority of people with dementia who are referred to a nursing home a range of behavioral and psychological symptoms can be seen (Finkel et al., 1996; Svansdottir and Snaedal, 2006). The most common behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) are agitation and restlessness (Banerjee et al., 2003). These BPSD are often associated with decreased wellbeing and quality of life of the resident. Interventions have in common that they try to engage people with dementia into activities and roles. This engagement can be on a physical, social or emotional/mental level (Hulme et al., 2010; Lancioni et al., 2002; Svansdottir and Snaedal, 2006; Thune-Boyle et al., 2012). Apart from having a potential positive effect on the BPSD, the advantage of such non-pharmacological interventions is that they may be provided by formal as well as informal caregivers (Hulme et al., 2010).
This study aimed to examine the potential use of interactive surfaces to engage nursing home residents with dementia into discovering and playing with these projections. It was assumed that the projections would generate stimuli, which might facilitate residents to respond without guidance or direction from the researchers. The aim of the study was to explore the physical and verbal responses of nursing home residents with dementia regarding interactive surfaces on the floor.
The results of this study can be found in a recently published article http://m-i-n-d.org/node/196