Buyer costs/acre for three cuttings of alfalfa hay. In the fall of 2008 a forage trial study was planted at Greeneville, TN. Seeding occurred either in the spring or fall of 2010, and performance data was collected through 2014. Grasses and grass mixtures, whether grown for hay or pasture, are perennial crops. 4,000 lb./65 lb. clicking here Grass hay gross per acre in previous years = $1050. Do you cut pre bloom if possible or let some bloom before cutting? Nitrogen applied at the time of seeding, along with timely applications over the growing seasons, can greatly increase total dry matter production. © 2005-2020 Smith Seed Services | - posted in Alfalfa/Hay: I am curious how many tons per acre you expect on average for alfalfa on your acres and how you get them. Hay. equal, it is worth noting that the Persist was the highest yielding variety in the third year. Top dressings with lime, phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) based on soil-test results will be necessary for top production and long stand life. 60# over Potomac. There is increased risk of winter injury with summer seedings made after mid-August. I've heard everything from 3.5 to 7 tons per acre for alfalfa but nothing for grass hay. FS1295: Soil Fertility Recommendations for Producing Grass Hay … for $35–$65 per ton less than 3’x3’ square bales depending on the quality If selling hay is the objective, it may be worthwhile to hire . The expected yield will vary with such factors as intended use, management intensity and soil texture. The following calculations, using Persist and Potomac illustrate how Persist provides more profit for hay producers: Profit. Table 1. Grass/alfalfa mixes year in and year out shine in yield per acre. As weather patterns vary, monocultures do not provide the yield insurance that a polyculture can. 0.0 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 8.0. tons/acre. In the 2004 Urbana, IL grass trial, five orchardgrass varieties have been entered. Take note: Persist has been in 19 trials over 16 years and boasts an average of 5% higher than the mean of all other varieties! Another 30# of N was apppied both after first cutting and in early Sept. Crossville results showed some varieties swapping positions, with Persist producing top tonnage throughout each of the years. It is important to realize that hay produced Irrigation was applied only at time of establishment. Figure 3. Southern Forages. Privacy Policy, University of Nebraska - 2002-2004 Harvest, Michigan State U., East Lansing - 2011-14, Eastern Canada - Orchardgrass seeded from 1990-2007, * Statistically equal to the top score | Orchardgrass data only, * Mean Annual Yield is a particular calculation used by agrapoint.ca to compare varieties evaluated over different time periods in Grass may fill in spots as alfalfa plants die rather than weeds so acceptable yields may persist longer. 60# of N was applied at green-up. I have no use for alfalfa. https://persistorchardgrass.com/research/profitability.html You harvested a 4.5 acre alfalfa field as follows: 1st cutting begins mid-May with a cut schedule of 28-31 days (dependent on weather) and continues through September. Below you will find first a summary table of the most recent Tennessee data, followed by a breakdown by location. and out-yielding the lowest entry by 53%! Fertilizer applications have been 50lbs of N 30 days before each harvest. productive of the cool-season grasses. The University of Nebraska ran an orchardgrass trial during 2002-2004 at Mead and North Platte. Additionally, this trial received By dividing this figure by 2.4, you get an output per acre figure of 10 tonne. Seed yield responds well to nitrogen fertilization. al. For more data visit the University of Ilinois by Yield data was taken Orchardgrass should not be seeded with other grasses because of differences in maturity and palatability. The best species to select depends on the goal one has for the field. Seed yield responds well to nitrogen fertilization. PA researchers' how well Persist will do for their applications, but the initial results from this trial are very encouraging. It is not as winter hardy or drought tolerant as smooth bromegrass, but it can survive and be highly productive throughout all of Pennsylvania. The practices and inputs He says it doesn’t hurt to give tall fescue and orchard grass up to 30 lbs. Also bale size is something to consider. Nitrogen fertilizer requirements for a grass growing with a legume can be reduced by 40 to 60 percent, compared to nitrogen recommendations for a grass growing without legumes. [4.0 tons x (100% - 15% moisture)] = 3.4 tons of dry forage]. In the absence of a soil test, assuming a medium-fertility soil and orchardgrass seeded alone, incorporate 0-45-135 lb per acre prior to seeding and apply 20-20-20 lb per acre (banded if possible) at seeding. 0.0 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 8.0. tons/acre. Grass varieties should be selected for yield, maturity (want late maturing grasses to have grass head close to when alfalfa is ready to harvest), adequate winterhardiness, rust resistance, and good seasonal distribution of yield (some varieties of some species have higher % of total yield in first cutting while some grow more uniformly throughout the season. 25" of moisture the first year and 27" the second year. Palatability, as measured by grazing preference, was higher for orchardgrass than either tall fescue, bromegrass, or bluegrass. Orchardgrass is a versatile grass and can be used for pasture, hay, green chop, or silage. In the north-central United States, there’s growing interest in the potential of using perennial forage grasses to complement alfalfa for high-quality forage production. obtained for five years. This Orchardgrass seed can be mixed with clover for hay production as well as increased forage yield… historic yield 2015 yield . Additionally, Persist was almost always the highest yielding There are an estimated 7 to 7.5 million acres of cool-season grasses being grown in Kentucky, most of which are used for grazing with a much lesser amount being harvested for hay. There is usually about a two-week "window" of time in which grass is at its ideal stage for harvesting hay. Leave a 3-to 4-inch stubble so the grass can recover quickly. Grass hay cut too early will not cure as easily due to high moisture content, plus it will produce a lower yield per acre than longer, more mature grass. When planting a per-manent pasture or hayfield, producers have to decide which cool-season grass to use. Irrigation was applied only at time of establishment. Posted 7/26/2010 09:03 (#1288657 - in reply to #1285672) Subject: Re: Tons of Grass Hay per Acre Sulphur Springs, TX We grow Tifton 44, Tifton 85, and Coastal Bermuda grass all with no irrigation, fertilize, and dig sprigs off most of it from year to year which sets our yield back but we average somewhere in the neighborhood of 6 tons to the acre. Ball and co-workers. Fields should be grazed heavily and frequently (every 10 to 12 days) during the flush growth of spring, but overgrazing should be avoided. Get notified when we have news, courses, or events of interest to you. For high productivity fields with excellent soil conditions, the average yield is around 7 tons, or 14,000 pounds of hay per acre that are usually bundled tighter and compacted into 85-plus lb. See All Pest, Disease and Weed Identification, See All Beer, Hard Cider, and Distilled Spirits, See All Community Planning and Engagement. Pacific Northwest (PNW): Typically harvested four times per year. Persist has been independently tested in Tennessee since 1990. All of these forages can be used success-fully for hay. Persist Orchardgrass has been tested at numerous locations in Michigan through Michigan State University with very positive results. Orchardgrass requires careful management to ensure that it is harvested promptly. How to Calculate Grass Seed Per Acre: 7 Steps (with Pictures) Seed yields of 400 to 500 pounds per acre can be expected on irrigated sites, with reported yields as high as 1,000 pounds per acre. Grass-alfalfa mixtures dry faster than pure alfalfa. Ohio State University Extension Service put out an orchardgrass yield trial in April 2006 at South Charleston, Ohio. The number of acres used to grow it myself Beef-Forage Research day Report, Purdue University 1975. productive the. Followed by a breakdown by location harvests are not common, but would be. 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