In present continuous tense, we use present participle. They are playing ball. We make the Present Continuous tense by adding -ing to the base verb. We must add (or understand from the context) a future word. The present progressive tense is often overused by non-native speakers of English. (The form of the present participle is:base+ing, e.g. We have already made a decision and a plan before speaking. Actions which are happening at or around the moment of speaking. Difference between has and have as has is used with the singular subject while have is used with plural. For actions happening now. Tenses rules are an additional benefit of this page. This tense is formed using two components: the verb BE (in the present tense), and the -ING form of a verb. The present continuous (also called present progressive) is a verb tense which is used to show that an ongoing action is happening now, either at the moment of speech or now in a larger sense. With verbs not normally used in the continuous form, use the simple present perfect instead (verbs such as: know, hate, hear, understand, want). Present continuous tense adds energy to the verb and conveys that the action is happening at that moment. In a sentence, a verb and its form convey the time of the occurrence or the happening. The Present Continuous Tense 1. The present continuous tense of a verb has two parts: a present tense "be" verb + a present participle. The present continuous can also be used to show that an action is going to take place in the near future. As with all tenses in English, the speaker's attitude is as important as the time of the action or event. Present continuous or present progressive tense is used to describe the action that is taking place at the time of speaking. Indicate an action that began in the past and continues to the present. This page will explain the rules for forming the tense with regular verbs. In this sentence, using the present perfect continuous verb tense conveys that reading War and Peace is an activity that began sometime in the past and is not yet finished in the present (which is understandable in this case, given the length of Tolstoy’s weighty tome).. 1st form of verb or base verb + ing (present participle) is used as main verb in sentence. Present Continuous Spelling Rules | Picture All Tenses in English Present Continuous Spelling Rules Basically, the Present Continuous tense is formed by adding -ing to the base verb. Here is the basic structure of Present Perfect Continuous Tense: Hence it is continuous like "It is raining". It is also known as Present Perfect Progressive Tense. It is a combination of two tenses, the present continuous and the present perfect tense.. It is used to express an action going on at the time of speaking. The present continuous is made from the present tense of the verb be and the –ing form of a verb: I am: working: You are: playing: He is: talking: She is: living: It is: eating: We are: staying: They are: sleeping: We use the present continuous to talk about: activities at the moment of speaking: I'm just leaving work. rules about the present and past perfect continuous tenses In the past four lessons , we have been looking at how to use the Present and Past Perfect Continuous Tenses in context. The present continuous (also known as the present progressive) is a very common English verb form used to describe actions that are happening right now or during this period of time.About 5% of verbs in spoken English are in the present continuous tense. Formula of Simple Future Tense Subject + helping verb (is / am/ are) + main verb (ing) + object. Here are the rules to help you know how to spell the Present Continuous tense. The Present Continuous Tense is used to express an action which is 'on-going / still going on' . Forming the present continuous tense . We only use the Present Continuous tense to talk about the future when we have planned to do something before we speak. Present Perfect continuous Tense= Subject +has/have (Helping Verb) + been (Auxiliary verb) + 1 st Verb+. We can also use the Present Continuous tense to talk about the future - if we add a future word!! Rules of Present Continous Tense. Present Continuous Tense Structure and Formula: (Rules) Signal Words: It is essential to focus on signal words because they help us identify the correct tense in a sentence. She's swimming every morning (she didn't use to do this). The decision and plan were made before speaking. When someone uses the present continuous, they are thinking about something that is unfinished or incomplete. I've wanted to visit China for years. The action may not be happening exactly now, but it is happening just before and just after now, and it is not permanent or habitual. The present continuous can also be used to show that an action is going to take place in the near future. When you have to express that something is happening now then present continuous tense is used. Here the subject “Mary” or “they” is followed by ‘is’ or ‘are’ respectivly. The Present Continuous Tense. Example of the present continuous: They are playing snooker This image by rz0603 is licensed under the Creative Commons Zero (CC0) license An overview of the present continuous tense explains what rules you need to follow when using this tense, with examples and exercises to help you learn. Where are yougoingnow? Recently and lately are words that we often find with verbs in the present perfect continuous tense. Formula. Present Continuous Tense Definition In Hindi At the end of this fifth and last lesson, you will be able to answer the following questions in detail: I am teaching an English lesson. 2. Subject + will be + present … Has –> (He, She, It, any Name, Singular noun) Have –> (I, We, They, You, Plural Noun) The present continuous tense is formed with the subject plus the present particle form (-ing) of the main verb and the present continuous tense of the verb to be: am, is, are. This is a tense commonly used within the English language and comes with its own set of grammar rules. .style6 {font-weight: bold} In the case of the Present Continuous tense you can find: A s usual wen learning a second language, we need to consider spelling varieties or rules in … The present progressive tense is also used to indicate future plans or actions that are going to take place in the near future. How to Form the Present Continuous Tense. Free tutorial Present progressive. 3: We can use the present continuous for temporary or new habits (for normal habits that continue for a long time, we use the present simple). S ... 1- What is the difference between Present Perfect and Present Perfect Continuous Tense? 3. We often use this with expressions like 'these days' or 'at the moment'. IT can also be said as types of verb- present tense, past tense and past participle. The present continuous of any verb is composed of two parts - the present tense of the verb to be + the present participle of the main verb. How to form the present continuous. I've heard a lot about you recently. The present perfect continuous tense (or present perfect progressive) is used to show that something started in the past but is still continuing in the present. Present Continuous Use (Also called the present progressive tense) Read about how to make the present continuous tense here. Has been and have been are well explained. Definition of Present Continuous Tense. To form negative sentences in the present continuous tense we add not after the verb to be and before the present participle (ING) that you want to use. Further, we will discuss the types of Present tense and their rules in detail. play 2. Read on for detailed descriptions, examples, and present continuous exercises. No, he isn’t. This indicates the duration of an action taking place or the amount of time which has been used for completing a task. Example of the present continuous: They are playing snooker This image by rz0603 is licensed under the Creative Commons Zero (CC0) license An overview of the present continuous tense explains what rules you need to follow when using this tense, with examples and exercises to help you learn. But sometimes we have to change the word a little. listen! Present Continuous Tense In which Sentence Activities are continues in present time.Example– I am going to study., I and you are playing the cricket., She is dancing., He is not going to bathing., Why is Rama going to Delhi ? Rule: Subject + is/am/are + V1 + ing + object While employing the tense rules for present continuous, all the verb form for singular or plural subject stays in its first form V1. If you want to talk about an action which is happening in the present moment, you will be using the present simple tense. Rules. For instance, a boy says, “I am drinking water”. Verbs without continuous forms. PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE. For verbs that end in -ie, change the ie to y before adding -ing: Signup to our newsletter "English in your Inbox" to receive your monthly fix of English by email. PRESENT CONTINIOUSLET'S BEGIN!2020Present Continuous TenseAffirmativeI He She It We You Theyam sleeping. Present Uses 1: First, we use the present continuous for things that are happening at the moment of speaking. The last syllable is stressed: commit becomes committing, The last syllable is not stressed: whisper becomes whispering. Future indefinite tense in which tense is going to happen activities now is called future indefinite tense. For short, one-syllable verbs, that end with consonant + vowel + consonant (CVC), we must double the last consonant and then add -ing: swim becomes swimming run becomes running • Now I’m doing the washing up. PRESENT CONTINUOUS/PROGRESSIVE TENSE This post includes detailed expressions about present continuous tense and its structures in english. When we want to talk about an action that is happening now or at this time (and is unfinished), we use the present continuous tense. This tense is formed using two components: the verb BE (in the present tense), and the -ING form of a verb. If the subject is- they, we, I, you or a plural noun then the auxiliary verbs used are- are and am. English Present progressive exercises. itwe you sleeping ? When somebody is doing something right now or something is happening right now. These actions are occurring exactly at the time of speaking. Please follow the list about Structure of Present Continuous Tense; The tenses simply show the time of an action. Example: I am not playing the guitar. Present Continuous Tense – Rules and Examples Present Continuous Tense Definition In English. A present continuous tense is a verb form of a sentence that tells about the ongoing action, events, or something that has happened around us. Specifically, the action which is being done at the time of speaking comes under the Present Continuous Tense. 7 Secrets for ESL Learners - FREE download. Temporary situations. For example, a girl says "I am reading his letter" . B- Present continuous - English tenses. Present Continuous Tense indicate an action which is in progress at the time of speaking or at the present time. She's known Robert since she was a child. We only use the Present Continuous tense to talk about the future when we have planned to do something before we speak. Present Continuous for the future. etc.., . Future Tense. Jullyis cominghere now. Present Continuous Tense. He's eating a lot these days. The present continuous is used: to describe an action that is going on at this moment: You are using the Internet. … The English language features 12 different verb tenses, and keeping them all straight can be quite the task—even (and sometimes especially) for native speakers! Common time expressions used with the present simple tense are: always, often, generally, normally, usually, sometimes, never … every day, every week, every year… (note the time word is … Forming the present continuous tense I've hated that music since I first heard it. Present Perfect Continuous Tense Rules and Examples - In Present Perfect Continuous Tense, we use have with I, We, You, They and Plural Names and -ing form of the verb (present participle form) and time by using since or for. ing+ Object. He/She/It + is + present participle. By following a few simple rules and practice, you can gain confidence when using “has been” or “have been” in sentences. In future continuous tense, we use present participle. For short, one-syllable verbs, that end with consonant + vowel + consonant (CVC), we must double the last consonant and then add -ing: swim becomes swimming run becomes running. When the last syllable is not stressed, just add -ing. But have no fear: we’re here to help! How to form the present continuous. It is not necessary whether the action is happening or not happening at the time of speaking. .style2 {font-weight: bold} Download this explanation in PDF here. "He" is the subject, "is" is the present tense of the verb to be and "swimming" is the present participle verb form. Present Continuous Tense Examples Oliver is running. by Yen Cabag | 0 comments. Affirmative Sentences. Continuous Tense Present Tense. Present Continuous Tense narrates an action which is being continued or going to be continued in the near future. The Present Continuous Tense is used to express an action which is 'on-going / still going on' . The structure of the Present Continuous tense is: The auxiliary verb (be) is conjugated in the Present Simple: am, are, is, The main verb is invariable in present participle form: -ing. Examples of Present Continuous Tense: I am writing articles on different topics. Rules for Positive Sentences in Present Continuous Tense: If the subject is- it, he, she or a singular noun then the auxiliary verb used is ‘is’. The present progressive tense is also used to indicate future plans or actions that are going to take place in the near future. (Yes, that is what is happening right now) You are watching a video. • I’m staying with a friend at the moment. This page will explain the rules for forming the tense with regular verbs. The present continuous tense (also called the present progressive tense) is commonly used in English for actions happening right now, or in the future. Use the present perfect continuous tense to indicate an action that began in the past and is still happening in the present. .style3 {font-weight: bold} Present perfect continuous tense is a verb tense that is used when we talk about something that we started in the past but the work is still going on. If the subject is- they, we, I, you or a plural noun then the auxiliary verbs used are- are and am. For words that end w, x and y, do not double the last consonant; just add -ing: enjoy becomes enjoying study becomes studying. ACTIONS THAT ARE HAPPENING AT PRESENT (1) They are dancing right now. It is called progressive tense because it refers to actions which are currently in progress at the time of speaking. • She is working very hard nowadays. We also use Present Continuous tense for those actions which are going to take place in the near future. Present Perfect continuous Tense is made up of three main parts auxiliary verb has/ have , auxiliary verb been and 1 st form of base verb+ ing. The present perfect continuous (also called present perfect progressive) is a verb tense which is used to show that an action started in the past and has continued up to the present moment. © 1997-2020 EnglishClub.com All Rights ReservedThe world's premier FREE educational website for learners + teachers of EnglishEngland • since 1997, They can play tennis with you tomorrow. Ans- Present Perfect tense talks about the action which has just gotten over and Presents perfect continuous talks about the action which was going on from the past and still goes on for some time in the present. Rules for Positive Sentences in Present Continuous Tense: If the subject is- it, he, she or a singular noun then the auxiliary verb used is ‘is’. Present Continuous tense is also called Present progressive tense. Are you bathingMax? When words have two or more syllables ending in CVC, you must double the last consonant if the last syllable is stressed. For negative sentences we insert not between the auxiliary verb and the main verb. Has been and have been are well explained. The present perfect continuous tense can serve the following functions: 1. Forming the present continuous tense . Read on to know about the facts and formula of present perfect continuous tense. The present continuous (also the present progressive) is one of the present tenses used in modern English. The present perfect continuous usually emphasizes duration, or the amount of time that an action has been taking place. Steve is washing his hair. .style7 {font-weight: bold} Present Tense; Past Tense; Future Tense; Each of the three above mentioned tenses can further be divided into sub parts. etc.., . Formula. Present Perfect Continuous Tense: Rules and Examples. Tenses examples including the tense meaning and 12 types of tenses with examples and formula are well described. 1. The future perfect continuous tense - Explanation with examples. Present continuous tense adds energy to the verb … "Future words" include, for example, tomorrow, next year, in June, at Christmas etc. Perhaps we double the last letter, or we drop a letter. The present continuous (present progressive) tense is a way to convey any action or condition that is happening right now, frequently, and may be ongoing.It adds energy and action to writing, and its effect helps readers understand when the action is happening. I'll be home in an hour. Read also: 12 Tenses with Examples Affirmative Sentences. It uses am/is/are and “ing” is added with the verb. Please be quiet. It is used to express an action going on at the time of speaking. The Present Continuous Tense is used for 1. 3. 1. 4. -->. We use the present continuous tense: 1. It should only be used in the following contexts: To describe an incomplete action which is in progress at the moment of speaking; usually with time expressions such as: now, at the moment, right now. The second sentence, with the simple form … The present continuous tense (also called the present progressive tense) is commonly used in English for actions happening right now, or in the future. "He" is the subject, "is" is the present tense of the verb to be and "swimming" is the present participle verb form. One simple example of this tense is: He is swimming. Tenses table can be downloaded in pdf with forms of the verb . To make continuous verbs add -ing to the base verb: When the verb ends with a silent e, drop the e and add -ing: make becomes making take becomes taking. The present perfect continuous tense - Rules and Examples. The present progressive tense is also known as present continuous tense. It means, at that moment, she is reading a letter or in the process of reading the letter. Present progressive - (Present continuous) signal words Simple present signal words: at the moment, at present, now, right now, still, today, tonight. If the verb used conveys the present time, it is a Present tense. Get Ginger to apply Grammar Rules directly to ... what a company sells or produces. The verbs "is running" and "are playing" describe things happening right now, as we speak. is sleeping.are sleeping.NegativeI He She It We You Theyam not sleeping.is not sleeping.are not sleeping.QuestionAm Is AreI sleeping ?he she sleeping ? It is important to understand these rules and know how to use them so that your speech is clear and comprehensive. THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE Is he playing football at the moment? talking, playing, moving, smiling) Note: alternative negative contractions: I'm not going, you're not going, he's not going etc. 2. These sub parts include: Simple; Continuous; Perfect; Perfect Continuous; In this article, we shall discuss in detail the tenses rules for the above mentioned types of verb tenses, followed by examples to explain them clearly. Actions which are happening at or around the moment of speaking. Present perfect continuous tense expresses the action which is occurred in the past, and they proceed in the current situation or maybe in the future. In this sentence, using the present perfect continuous verb tense conveys that reading War and Peace is an activity that began sometime in the past and is not yet finished in the present (which is understandable in this case, given the length of Tolstoy’s weighty tome).. Example: Mary is dancing / They are dancing. In general, a company sells something on a regular basis, so you need to use the present simple tense and not the present progressive. Tense Chart with Rules and Example. The Present Continuous Tense is used for 1. Correct: That company is always selling some cheap gadget. Present Continuous Tense Definition In Hindi You're smoking too much. Look at these example sentences with the Present Continuous tense: We use the Present Continuous to talk about: Look at these images. .style1 {color: #F60} 11. Formula for affirmative sentences. It is very different from the Present Simple tense, both in structure and in use. Present continuous is used for the actions which are being done right now. The present progressive tense is also known as present continuous tense. For question sentences, we exchange the subject and the auxiliary verb. Auxiliary verb “am or is or are” is used in sentence. Normally it's simple: we just add -ing. Formula for affirmative sentences. The present continuous tense is formed with the subject plus the present particle form (-ing) of the main verb and the present continuous tense of the verb to be: am, is, are. .style5 {color: #F60; font-weight: bold; } •Now I’mdoing the washing up. Is shecomingwith you? THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE At the moment I’m playing football. The newsletter includes useful lessons, competitions and book reviews. One simple example of this tense is: He is swimming. 4. Functions of the present continuous. Subject + is/am/are + present participle + object. We often use the Present Continuous tense in English. Present Continuous Tense – Rules and Examples Present Continuous Tense Definition In English. The structure of the Present Continuous Tense is: S + am/is/are (not) + V-ing +…. The present continuous tense (also called the present progressive tense) is commonly used in English for actions happening right now, or in the future. Present Continuous Tense In which Sentence Activities are continues in present time.Example– I am going to study., I and you are playing the cricket., She is dancing., He is not going to bathing., Why is Rama going to Delhi ? THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE AFFIRMATIVE: Play is ‘ s He She It are ‘ re You We They playing am ‘ m I 3. For example 1. Present continuous exercises 02 Present continuous exercise 03 Present continuous 04 Present continuous 05 Present continuous 06 Questions 07 Questions 08 Questions 09 Signal words 10 Examples 11 Negative 12 Negatives . They. For example, a girl says "I am reading his letter" . The signal words for the Present Continuous Tense are: now, at present, at the moment, don’t disturb, right now, presently, look! Definition. This page will explain the rules for forming the tense with regular verbs. He is running. The present continuous tense is most often used for the following: - For actions happening now - For future arrangements - To express annoyance at repeated actions. First, let’s discuss the most vital similarity between “has been” and “have been.” They are both used in the present perfect continuous tense, one of the 12 verb tenses of the English language. Basically, the Present progressive tense is formed by adding -ing to the base verb. 12. We call them present continuous tense verbs. Examples of Present Continuous Tense: I am writing articles on … We must add (or understand from the context) a future word. "Future words" include, for example, tomorrow, next year, in June, at Christmas etc. 1. We can also use the Present Continuous tense to talk about the future - if we add a future word!! The first sentence, with the continuous form (am reading), means that you are usually in the middle of reading at midnight.