11 nuclear reactors were shut down when the earthquake occurred. 2011 Japan Earthquake Case Study. Start studying Earthquake case studies: Japan and Haiti.. It is put on the same influential level with Chernobyl and Bhopal catastrophes. 47,700 buildings were destroyed and 143,300 were damaged. Introduction This resulted in a devastating tsunami that affected millions of people. The accident happened because, a combination of a basic engineering shortage in the reactor and unusual actions of the operators, the safety factors was off, and the reactors was operated under an improper planning, unsuitable conditions and also situations that may cause an uncontrollable stage. At 2:46 pm on March the 11th, 2011, an earthquake measuring 8.9 on the Richter scale struck the North East coast of Honshu, the largest island in Japan.The epicentre of this Earthquake was located just 130 kilometres off the coast of Sendai and was the most powerful earthquake known to hit Japan and the fifth-most powerful earthquake ever recorded. The stock market crashed and had a negative impact on companies such as Sony and Toyota as the cost of the earthquake was realised. This is the response to what causes earthquakes. 90% of the deaths was caused by drowning. The atomic bombs destroyed many thinks in their wake as nearly 140,000 Japanese lives were taken (). The earthquake hit at 5:46 am on … The Pacific Coastal zone, on the east coast of Japan, is particularly vulnerable as it is very densely populated. The earthquake also had a negative impact on the oil industry as two refineries were set on fire during the earthquake. The Tohoku earthquake devastated Japan's economy. It is the largest recorded earthquake to hit Japan and is in the top five in the world since records began in 1900. On Friday 11 March 2011 at 14:46:24, an earthquake of magnitude 9.0 on the Richter scale occurred. Had Truman not dropped the bombs on Nagasaki many American lives would have needlessly been lost. Reconstruction is still taking place today. The majority of the victims were over the age of 60 (66%). The situation led to the water mains being destroyed and the firefighter being left with no water to settle the growing. Japan earthquake case study gcse rating 4-5 stars based on 137 reviews Credit card profitability case study essay about overcrowding in prisons essay about bad weather thesis essay abstract essay questions about distance learning about christmas in telugu short essay The energy in an atomic bomb can be harvested and controlled in order to provide safe and clean energy. The tsunami also caused three reactors in the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant to malfunction, leading to a nuclear meltdown and release of potentially lethal radioactive material into the surroundings. The main reason for this was that children were at school when the earthquake struck. What Causes Earthquakes? Preventive Measures in the 2011 Japanese Earthquake Disaster Summary The 2011 Japanese earthquake followed by the triggered tsunami and nuclear disaster caused severe damage to the country. Copyright © 2020 IPL.org All rights reserved. This leads to the formation of volcanoes such as Mount Unzen and Mount Fuji. This “triple disaster” represented the first need for a U.S. Government response to a large-scale natural disaster combined with a nuclear accident. Japan gets 30% of the world’s earthquakes every year, and there is 90mm of movement of the Pacific Plate under the Eurasian. A number of executives at the Fukushima power plant resigned in the aftermath of the disaster. More than 333000 people had to live in temporary accommodation. Almost 4,000 roads, 78 bridges and 29 railways were also affected. 4. The effects of the earthquake were It was caused by the subduction of the Philippine Sea Plate under the Okhotsk Plate. The name was given because of the nearest effected location to where the dioxin emission happened; a town Seveso with population of 17 thousand people. The actual explosion occurred on 10th of July, 1976 in Meda, Italy in a TCP reactor owned by the ICMESA chemical company. Of those who attempted to evacuate after hearing the warning, only five percent were caught in the tsunami. National Police Agency of Japan figures shows almost 300,000 buildings were destroyed and a further one million damaged, either by the quake, tsunami or resulting fires. The oil slick spread thousands of square miles onto beaches in PWS affecting humans, livelihood, environment and the petroleum industry. The tsunami in 2011 claimed the lives of 15,853 people and injured 6023. Some communities have had to be relocated from their original settlements. Parts of the Japanese coastline dr[[ed by 60cm. Introduction: In March 11, 2011, the underwater earthquake occurred in pacific Ocean off the coast of Honshu, which is Japan’s main Island. This is equivalent to the energy needed to power every home in the USA for 50 days. They are confident about their safety due to the protective measures that have been taken, such as the construction of tsunami walls. It destroyed 46,027 buildings and cost an estimated $360 billion in economic damage, making it the world's costliest natural disaster. Since 2000 there are have been 16000 fatalities as the result of tectonic activity. hit by largest earthquake in Japan since 1923. Client #1589541. The Japan Meteorological Agency registered a magnitude of 6.1 M j and an intensity of lower 6 on … The worst effected area was in the central part of … It lasted 6 minutes. It was the largest earthquake that they have had since records began. To make matters worse, Japan's nuclear industry was shattered. How important are water and carbon to life on Earth? The Chernobyl nuclear power plant is located in Ukraine, 20 kilometers from south of the border with Belarus city. Agriculture was affected as salt water contaminated soil and made it impossible to grow crops. The city Kamakura, located less than 100 kilometers from the epicenter, was thoroughly devastated under the destructive power released by the movement of tectonic plates. In addition to this, the earthquake shifted the Earth 10-15cm on its axis. A magnitude 9.0 earthquake occurred 70km off the coast of the northern island of Honshu where the Pacific and North American plate meet. Add Relevant Images. Where did it happen? It is called Great Sendai Earthquake or Great Tōhoku Earthquake and Tsunami. Radioactive material continues to be released by the plant and vegetation and soil within the 30km evacuation zone is contaminated. Japan has been hit by a number of high-intensity earthquakes in the past. The quake was centred 130 kilometres to the east of the prefecture’s capital, Sendai. Northern Japan is on top of the western tip of the North American plate. The official total number of people confirmed dead or listed as missing, Abstract The Hyogo-ken Nanbu earthquake was not only powerful (magnitude 6.9), but with the epicentre only 20km southwest of the city, it resulted in massive damage to property and loss of life. Case study examining the causes of the Tohoku 2011 Earthquake that hit Japan in 2011 and measured 8.9 on the Richter scale. It is called after a famous Roman naval commander and at the same time a scientist interested in natural and geological events, Pliny the Elder. Essay about the effects of music? The focus was under Izu Oshima Island. 89 % (41) Case study earthquake in japan; Difference between descriptive and argumentative essay slideshare your village essay for class 5, essays on common app, parts of an introduction in an essay, national museum visit essay concluding paragraph in a essay, chinese essay about family sample essays why this college, games and sports essay wikipedia. Disposing of dead bodies proved to be very challenging because of the destruction to crematoriums, morgues and the power infrastructure. This is significantly more than the amount of debris created during the 2010 Haiti earthquake. Due to this event, Exxon Valdez spill strongly influenced future mitigation techniques as well as new laws and legislation with the petroleum industries. Earthquakes have the ability to harm lots of people within minutes as well as wiping out around the world. March 24, 1989, the 987-foot tanker, Exxon Valdez struck Bligh Reef in PWS, Alaska. They are so high because of the many eruptions that already happened here. A tsunami was sent crashing into the country’s north-eastern coast. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. 230,000 vehicles were destroyed or damaged. A magnitude 7.2 quake in Kobe killed 6,400 people in 1995. An earthquake has caused the East Coast Japan suffered a tsunami that brought severe destruction. https://www.alevelgeography.com/japan-2011-earthquake-case-study The seabed close to the focus of the earthquake rose by 7m and moved westwards between 40-50m. Seveso dioxin disaster - is one of the biggest environmental disasters happened in the world due to the interference of humans. Due to this detonation a huge toxic cloud of dioxin (TCDD - a form of cancer-causing dioxin) was discharged into the air and immediately damaged the area as it put-out to nearby region. It experiences over 400 earthquakes every day. [Click here to read an independent report] 1. It was originally reported at a magnitude of 7.9, but later was upgraded to 8.9 and then to a 9.0. Lesson 6: Japan’s Earthquake and Tsunami Case Study The Japanese earthquake of Friday 11th March 2011 had a magnitude of 9 on the Richter scale. Home > Case Studies > Powerful earthquake in Japan Powerful earthquake in Japan - quick action ensures affected individual’s safety When a 6.6 magnitude earthquake struck southern Hokkaido, Japan, our 24/7 Global Security Operations Centre took a call from a client requesting assistance for an employee located nearby. Several years before the disaster warnings had been made about the poor defences that existed at nuclear power plants in the event of a tsunami. Many road bridges were damaged or destroyed. Why do people choose to live in tectonically active locations? Why did it happen? According to Save the Children 100,000 children were separated from their families. Japan is located on the Pacific Ring of Fire, where the North American, Pacific, Eurasian and Philippine plates come together. The disaster at Fukushima added political weight in European countries were anti-nuclear bodies used the event to reinforce their arguments against nuclear power. It was 600 million times more powerful than the Hiroshima nuclear bomb. He died while trying to get closer to the Mount Vesuvius that was erupting. A devastating 7.8-magnitude earthquake struck northern Nepal, on April 25, 2015, injuring over 22,000 people and killing over 8,0001 in addition to causing significant infrastructure damage. Kōbe earthquake of 1995, (Jan. 17, 1995) large-scale earthquake in the Ōsaka-Kōbe (Hanshin) metropolitan area of western Japan that was among the strongest, deadliest, and costliest to ever strike that country. Objective: To build up a case study of the earthquake and tsunami in Japan in 2011. That makes it the fifth largest recorded worldwide since 1900, according to the U.S. Geolo… The earthquake had a significant impact on the area. The estimated cost of the earthquake, including reconstruction, is £181 billion. Medc Earthquake Case Study Fukushima Japan 2011, how hard are essays in college, what unique about you essay, dissertation service co uk order. Due to the incident, there were deaths and many people moved from that place have radioactive contamination (Japanese National Policy Agency, 2011). 6. The majority of these are not felt by humans and are only detected by instruments. This case study examines the interagency and international coordination of the U.S. Government response to the March 11, 2011, earthquake, tsunami, and nuclear disaster in Japan. The tragedy wasoccurred on 26 April 1986, when the operators of the power plant ran a check on an electrical control of one of the reactors. Earthquakes are probably the biggest disasters on this planet that have turned out to be deadly with respect to large numbers of people. 4.4 million households and businesses lost electricity. Japan lies within one of the most tectonically active zones in the world. The epicentre was 43 miles east of Tohoku at a depth of 20 miles. A massive 9.0-magnitude earthquake struck Japan, Friday afternoon, on 11 March 2011 @ 0546 GMT 2. The debris were falling on the sides of the volcano, making it grow. In one elementary school, 74 of 108 students and 10 out of 13 staff lost their lives. Order: #5459479. When the time of the accident, the plant had 4 working reactors. As a result, the tidal waves it generated were huge, with the crests reaching up to 15 m in height. The force of the megathrust earthquake caused the island of Honshu to move east 2.4m. Case Study: Nepal Earthquake . The earthquake triggered a tsunami which reached heights of 40m when it reached the coast. A movement against nuclear power, which Japan heavily relies on, developed following the tsunami. This is because, radioactive gas Xenon-133 can emits beta and gamma-radiation. A stratovolcano is able to produce the worst of all the eruptions: the Plinian eruption. There was a significant impact on power supplies in Japan. The earthquake was called the Great Kantō Earthquake due to its large energy released and the mass destruction caused. Crude oil from Alaska North Slope located in Prudhoe Bay field lies 800 miles south through the Trans-Alaska Pipeline to the port of Valdez, where super tankers transfer oil from the Alyeska Pipeline Terminal through Prince William Sound (PWS) and the Gulf of Alaska (GOA). Processes and pathways of the water cycle, Processes and pathways of the carbon cycle, Changes in the carbon cycle: physical causes, Changes in the carbon cycle: Human causes, Erosion, transportation and deposition & Hjulström Curve, Plate tectonics theory, convection currents and sea-floor spreading, Measuring and Assessing Volcanic Activity. 97%. Step 1: Complete the diagram activity in the first space on your worksheet. Essay on starting a new job essay on elephant in urdu Long earthquake to japan case responses study term 2011 college essay gymnastics. Government debt was increased when it injects billions of yen into the economy. Often, these lasted between 3-4 hours at a time. Power cuts continued for several weeks after the earthquake and tsunami. The earthquake was the biggest ever recorded to have stuck Japan, at approximately 9.0. The Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant was decommissioned because all six of its reactors were severely damaged. 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