Noi abbiamo dovuto rimandare il meeting perché il direttore era occupato. A regular futuro anteriore, made of the simple future of the auxiliary and the past participle. 7 Hill Str, B5 4UA. It seems absurd that I have to work for Christmas. I am sorry to have to disappoint you. You had always had to pay because you were the most generous. Usage notes As an auxiliary, dovere takes avere or essere, depending on the verb that follows it. Io ho dovuto fare così. – They had to leave yesterday, so they didn’t come over for dinner. – You need to call the restaurant to reserve, otherwise you won’t find a table. Hanno dovuto annullare il progetto. Lei aveva dovuto lasciare il paese perché veniva minacciata. An irregular presente. Having needed/having to get up early, they went to sleep. – We had to shut up. – I had to give up. It doesn't matter to me that Luca has owed me money for a long time. Ho dovuto pianificare le mie vacanze in anticipo quest’anno. You had had to work before going to school. Verb conjugation: conjugate dovere in Italian, conjugation models, conjugation table, conjugate Italian verb, irregular verbs, model tables for Italian verbs, dovere conjugation model. – You had to study. It has an irregular conjugation, and … Loro devono dormire tanto. – They had to look for a good lawyer for their legal problem. – They had to cancel the whole project. 2. If I will have had to work, I will be tired. Impediment or Forbiddance. We had had to call the office to have an answer. – You had to take a taxi because you missed the bus? We can also put it differently and say that the modal verbs are always followed by a non- conjugated verb (AKA infinitive). You should have gone tomorrow, without me. Below are the conjugations for the verb in tables, with example sentences and translations underneath. More. Support the free Verbix verb conjugation services © Verbix 1995-2020. Noi dovevamo stare attenti. I fear that tomorrow we will have to call the office. In particular, Italian modal verbs tend to take the auxiliary verb avere when they are followed by the verb essere to describe someone or something. – I had to escape. Noi dobbiamo lavare la macchina prima di partire per la gita. As soon as you had had to go, you called me. – You had to eat. It's the equivalent of English to have to and must. An irregular presente condizionale: "should. Gerundio: dovendo. That day I had to work late and I came home late. Notice that around four out of five of the 50 most used -ere verbs are irregular. If it had not been for you, Luca would still have owed me money. The English verbs “ must ” and “ to have to ” are often translated in Italian with dovere. Translate dovere in context, with examples of use … But dovere is most important for its service as a modal verb, or verbo servile, serving to express the duty to do something; and in that capacity it directly precedes the verb it is serving and, in compound tenses, it most often adopts the auxiliary required by that verb. Devo leggere almeno un altro libro prima della fine del mese ( I have to read at least one more book until the end of the month) Devi fare attenzione ( You have to be careful) As is common for -ere verbs, the past participle of dovere has got the ending -uto, making it dovuto. Non sono uscita ieri perché dovevo lavorare. It is the equivalent of the English verb to have and is used to indicate ownership or possession.. 'dovere' is the model of its conjugation. Having to study, I stayed home. Conjugate 'potere'. 4. At OnlineItalianClub.com see free explanations of the main Italian tenses and how they work. – If I had had to work late, I would have ordered pizza. Dovere, potere and volere are known as “ modal verbs “. Voi dovevate pulire il bagno e io la camera da letto. Having needed to rest, Lucia stayed home. The Italian modal verb dovere expresses duty or the necessity to do something. The passato prossimo, made of the present of the auxiliary and the past participle, dovuto. – I must speak to him immediately. – I had to plan my holiday in advance this year. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Io avrò dovuto cambiare casa. – It’s insane that I must do like that. Together with potere (can) and volere (will), dovere is one of the Italian modal verbs. 2. – You have to sit here. We had to call the office to know if we had passed. L’hai finito? Dovevi consegnare l’articolo 2 ore fa! If they are organized, they should not have to get up too early. Duty comes before pleasure. All rights reserved. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. – He had to go to that lesson. When it serves as a semi-modal helping verb, compound tenses are formed using the auxiliary of the main verb that follows. Conjugation: dovere, tables of all Italien verbs. English Translation of “dovere” | The official Collins Italian-English Dictionary online. Conjugation Italian verb piovere. We must pay what's owed. Io ebbi dovuto scappare. Note here: In its meaning of "to owe something" dovere is followed by a noun and takes avere: Like fellow verbs potere and volere, the acts of having to, wanting to, and being able to do not, most often, have a clear-cut beginning and end, so they often lend themselves to less perfect tenses. In the present, dovere means the most assured "must," though if preceded by forse, it is "might have to.". Depending on the tense, it also means "supposed to" and "should," and it also means "to owe.". It is also one of the two auxiliary verbs (the other one is essere – to be) in Italian.This means that avere is also used to help conjugate transitive verbs in order to form compound tenses. I had hoped that we didn't have to call the office. Lei ha dovuto cambiare la gonna perché non era della sua taglia. Per passare la dogana dobbiamo mostrare i documenti. – I have to go back home right away! Sarò triste dopo che avrò dovuto dirti addio. – We had to pay attention. – You had to hand in the article 2 hours ago! Mom didn't want me to have to work tomorrow. L’insegnante mi ha dato molti compiti perché pensava che io dovessi partire. Nominal Forms. If it serves an intransitive verb with essere, such as partire, for example, it takes essere: Sono dovuto partire (I had to leave). Devo tornare subito a casa! A good tense for surmising, too. – When Paolo went to parties he always had to take his sister as well. Participio presente: dovente. Da piccoli, dovevamo mangiare solo quello che la mamma preparava. All conditional forms, like dovrei, are translated as should. – They had to run. Io dovetti mangiare la carne. – I will have to eat less to feel better. Translation Context Spell check Synonyms. Luca would not owe me money if he had not had the need. Over 100,000 English translations of Italian words and phrases. After you will have had to pay, you will be in a bad mood. “One of the most important areas we can develop as professionals is competence in accessing and sharing knowledge”. I am sorry that they had to get up early. Voi dovevate studiare. Write the infinitive and the Italian conjugator will display forms for congiuntivo, condizionale, passato prossimo. We were supposed to call the office but we forgot. – Did you have to take Anna to school that day? For example, if what must be done is to pay the bill, dovere takes avere: Ho dovuto pagare il conto. Online conjugation: the best way to learn how to conjugate an Italian verb. Io dovevo fare i compiti. You use potere in Italian much like you do "to be able to" in English: to ask for permission to do something and, in the negative, to express an impediment or a forbiddance—"I can't come today"; "I can't understand why you act this way." Dovere is a transitive verb that needs to take a direct object. – She had to change her skirt because it wasn’t her size. Lei deve andare a ballare. en. Much like in English, the verb avere holds a cardinal place in the Italian language. – We need to show our documents in order to pass the boarder. 1. It means "to have to," "to be obligated to," and "must." I should have worked tomorrow but I am taking the day off. University Centre City, – When we were young, we had to eat only what our mother made. 2nd conjugation verb - descrivere is transtive descrivere feminine. We had to call the office to get an answer. Lei dovrà stare attenta quando inizierà a guidare. In the imperfetto, dovere can be rendered with the English translation "supposed to," implying that perhaps things didn't happen as expected, as the subtleties of this modal verb allow. – She will have to pay attention when she starts to drive. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Indicativo Passato Prossimo: Indicative Present Perfect, Indicativo Imperfetto: Imperfetto Indicativo, Indicativo Trapassato Prossimo: Past Perfect Indicative, Indicativo Trapassato Remoto: Preterite Past Indicative, Indicativo Futuro Semplice: Simple Future Indicative, Indicativo Futuro Anteriore: Future Perfect Indicative, Congiuntivo Presente: Present Subjunctive, Congiuntivo Passato: Present Perfect Subjunctive, Congiuntivo Imperfetto: Imperfect Subjunctive, Congiuntivo Trapassato: Past Perfect Subjunctive, Condizionale Presente: Present Conditional, Infinito Presente & Passato: Present & Past Infinitive, Participio Presente & Passato: Present & Past Participle, Gerundio Presente & Passato: Present & Past Gerund, To Want: How to Conjugate the Italian Verb Volere, To Know in Italian: How to Conjugate the Verb Sapere, Learn to Conjugate the Italian Verb Essere, How to Conjugate the Italian Verb Studiare, Italian Helping Verbs: Volere, Dovere, Potere, To Finish, Complete or End: The Italian Verb Finire, To See: How to Conjugate and Use the Italian Verb Vedere, To Eat: How to Conjugate the Italian Verb Mangiare, To Like: How to Conjugate and Use the Italian Verb Piacere, To Remember: The Italian Verbs Ricordare and Ricordarsi, How to Conjugate the Italian Verb Offrire, To Have: How to Conjugate the Italian Verb Avere, To Come: How to Conjugate the Italian Verb Venire, To Leave or Depart: Conjugation of the Italian Verb Partire. – You have to finish the housework before going out. Quando Paolo andava alle feste doveva sempre portare anche la sorella. The congiuntivo trapassato, made of the imperfetto congiuntivo of the auxiliary and the past participle. Tu devi giocare domani. Loro hanno dovuto cercare un buon avvocato per il loro problema legale. She also hosts the 30 Minute Italian podcast. Conjugate the Italian verb dovere: indicative, congiuntivo, condizionale, passato prossimo, auxiliary essere, avere. – I had to do the homework. They had had to wake up early to go to school. Your duty is to study. After they had had to get up at dawn, they stayed tired the rest of the trip. Voi avete dovuto mangiare. As other frequently used verbs, dovere is an irregular verb, meaning that it does not follow the same pattern as other second conjugation verbs and presents many different forms for each tense. 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